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Report an Invasive Species

Meadow clary

Meadow clary

Meadow clary

(Salvia pratensis)

Priority: -  Prevent

Tags: Terrestrial

Identification and Reproduction

Identification:

  • Meadow clary, also known as meadow sage, is an introduced perennial that grows between 0.5 and 1 metre tall. 
  • It is a shrub-like sage that forms many stems (1-8) from a root crown. Stems bear very few leaves. 
  • Leaves are primarly found at the base of the plant. They are a dull grey green, egg-shaped, covered in fine hairs, with a rough wrickly texture and are aromatic when crushed. 

   

  • Flowers are found in spike-like racemes at the end of stems. They are bilabiate (two-lipped) and are deep lavender to blue in colour. Flowers are found in whorls of 4-8 flowers per node with small bracts under. 
  • Blooms occur early in the summer but if conditions are appropriate will rebloom in the season. 

Reproduction: 

  • Primarily reproduces by seed but can also spread vegetatively. 

Habitat & Ecology

  • Is well adapted to various moisture levels, capable of growing in dry and medium moist soils. 
  • Prefers well-draining soils in full sun sites. 
  • Can tolerate drought. 
  • Thrives in gravelly and sandy soils. 
  • Commonly found along linear corridors, in grasslands, crop fields, floodplains and mowed lawns. 
  • Currently there are not any confirmed infestations in BC. 

Impacts

Ecological: 

  • They displace native plant species. 
  • Reduce wildlife foraging and habitat. 
  • Quick to spread and cover areas extensively.

Management

Prevention is a high priority for this species. 

  • Maintain good ground cover to slow the spread and prevent invasive establishment. 
  • Read and carefully purchase wildflower mixes from reputable sources. 
  • Do not buy, sell or plant meadow clary. 
  • Learn to identify meadow clary. 
  • Report this plant if you think you have seen it. 

Resources

Download the BC Invaisve Species Alert on Meadow Clary here

Header photo (Adrian Michael).