Priority: - Contain
Tags: Agricultural | Terrestrial
Identification and Reproduction
- English hawthorn is a deciduous shrub or small tree in the Rosaceae family, native to Europe.
- It grows up to ten metres tall, and is scaly and prickly.
- It has broad, alternately arranged leaves. New shoots will appear reddish-brown.
- Leaves are egg-shaped, three to seven lobes, and look like “paws”.
- They have toothed edges, and are sometimes hairy.
- Its flowers have pink to white petals, and grow in clusters similar to cherry blossoms.
- It will produce berries after ten years, and these seeds can be spread by birds, animals, soil, and water.
- Berries will stay on the tree over the winter.
- This plant may also spread vegetatively.
Habitat & Ecology
- English hawthorn becomes bushy and dense and will shade out native plants.
- It prefers moist soil, such as woodlands, grasslands, and riparian areas.
- It is drought-tolerant and somewhat shade-tolerant.
- This plant can invade pastures.
- It grows into thickets within forests, blocking animal movement and crowding out native plants.
- Remove English hawthorn trees, or use chemical control on the trunks.
- Trees can be dug out when they are saplings, but after maturing, the roots are too deep and thick.
- Trees should not be dug out while bearing fruit.